Citizen citations, once reviewed by SPOT’s experts and determined to capture hazardous or inaccessible work zones, provide a record that SPOT uses to provide notice to violators and oversight agencies of the public nuisance created by their noncompliance. By drawing on subject matter experts from distinct and allied silos of expertise (SOEs), SPOT determines whether there reason to believe that the captured encroachment will foreseeably cause physical injury or denial of access to somebody in the future. SPOT then gives notice to the violator(s). An expressed purpose of SPOT is to notify violator(s) of instances where we have reason to believe that a foreseeable harm or denial of access (“DOA”) will occur. SPOT also publicizes instances where there is foreseeable harm or DOAs, as well as City & Contractor responses to SPOT notifications. We hope this will motivate contractors and municipalities to effectively enforce compliance in projects that encroach into The Public’s right-of-way. Motorists, bicyclists, and pedestrians have a right to Safe Paths of Travel. Workers in the roadway have a legal right to reasonably safe working environments. Recording noncompliance enables SPOT to get it fixed. You record it. We’ll report it. 

Open Record / Sunshine Requests

If you find a work zone you believe is dangerous, inaccessible, or noncompliant with temporary traffic control requirements, please take a picture and notify SPOT. The MUTCD contains standards for temporary traffic control in highway and street work zones that must be strictly adhered to. Both federal and state law requires state agencies to develop a written Traffic Control Plan for each construction or maintenance project that encroaches into the Public right-of-way (“PROW”). Each project must conform to a Traffic Control Plan that sufficiently ensures reasonable compliance with access and safety laws. Further, each project must have a qualified person with the authority and responsibility to oversee that the Traffic Control Plan is effectively administered. For Citizen Citations that capture dangerous or inaccessible work zones, SPOT will follow-up to find the names of the responsible parties and what traffic control devices should have been used. SPOT will request the approved Traffic Control Plan (“TCP”) if there was one, and compare your SPOT report with the TCP for areas of noncompliance. SPOT will submit an official request to the governing agency requesting that appropriate action(s) be taken. SPOT the hazards and we’ll light the fire.

Predictive Analytics

SPOT applies predictive analytics to temporary Public right-of-way (“PROW”) encroachments. Injuries to both PROW workers and PROW users can be predicted—this has been confirmed by research teams from Predictive Solutions Corporation and Carnegie Mellon University. Using a subset of data from Predictive Solutions Corporation set of over 112 million safety observations and 15,000 individual work sites, the researchers proved that work zone incidents can in fact be predicted before they happen with high degrees of accuracy. The researchers also found that the safety inspection and observation data from these work sites was a strong predictor of future incidents, with a number of predictive models showing accuracy levels between 80-97%. By collecting your reports, SPOT can provide cities, contractors, insurance companies, and academic & training institutions with reliable real-time data—in the hopes of preventing future injuries. If it’s predictable, it’s preventable.

Early Safety Methods

SPOT encourages contractors, municipalities & insurance companies to use early proactive safety methods for addressing hazardous or inaccessible encroachments in the Public right-of-way (“PROW”). Proactive safety inspections are far better for communities than reactive approaches because they prevent needless PROW inaccessibility and hazard from occurring. This minimizes externality costs—the costs that are carried by The Public at large. In addition to this, reactive measures are far more expensive for companies—the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) estimates that the direct cost of a recordable incident is $7,000, while that of a workplace fatality is $910,000; other private consulting groups estimate that cost to be nearly $2,000,000. More safety & access inspections means less needless injury and denial of access (“DOA”) for individuals in the PROW. Early hazard prevention is better for our communities and our companies.